A Smart City and the Smart Buildings are not a marketing campaign, a clever advertising tactic, or an amusing term for political pick. It is a set of approaches to a dire and urgent crisis facing the world today. Smart Cities are emerging as a collective activity due to a “perfect storm” of business conditions convergence, Smart Foundation Systems technological innovation, social needs, policy needs, and migration to urban environments that has intensified on a global scale that dwarfs any previous mass movement of people in history.
A striking example of this is seen in a 2009 study by McKinsey & Co. estimating that by 2025 350 million people in China will migrate to cities across China. The numbers of Chinese migrants to cities inside China are proving this prediction right in the three years since that report was published. Through preparing, planning and introducing large-scale development initiatives designed to convert from traditional urban environments to smart cities with smart buildings, existing Chinese cities are now overpopulated and struggling to sustain public services. Not because they want to, but because they must.
There are many concepts emerging for a Smart City. The versatility of this concept helps cities to identify their services, policies and procedures according to their own set of local goals and needs. Concept structures for Smart City are developed and sold by academics, businesses, local organizations and the media, as well as using innovations such as smart buildings. Through this cacophony of structures, a platform has developed that helps to identify areas of interest, intervention and initiatives for Smart City. Many systems use SMART as an acronym for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Time-based goals. These same structures provide a description of 10 elements of the Smart City: • Power• Water• Waste • Environment • Public Safety• Education• Healthcare• Green Buildings • Transit • Community Services The interesting thing regarding Smart City projects is the closely integrated way in which seemingly disparate elements function together. When cities begin their transformation journey through Smart Cities, it helps consider how to tackle the social, economic, engineering, and environmental challenges that cities will need. And that way will be based on Information.
It helps to relate to our communities as species as we recognise the complexities of living in a highly connected, digital age world. If the city is an entity then through the creation of structures we have seen the transition from the Agrarian Society to the Digital Age. Every city has its own cardiovascular system (traffic, mass transit), skeleton system (infrastructure), respiratory and digestive systems (energy, waste), and even a primitive nervous system (telecommunications). In order for a city to provide behind – the-knowledge access to its intelligence and become a smart city, it is necessary to develop the intelligence network that links the central nervous system to a brain— join smart buildings.